"One hundred and four satellites have been put into orbit", Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Chairman A.S. Kiran Kumar said soon after the launch, congratulating the space agency's team on its success.
Of the 101 foreign satellites launched by PSLV on Wednesday, 96 are from the United States - including 88 from the start-up, Planet Labs, a San Franciso-based earth imaging company - while one satellite each is from the Netherlands, Switzerland, Israel, Kazakhstan and the UAE.
Two of India's nano satellites, INS-1A and INS-1B, weighed about 30 kg. Following that the 103 co-passenger satellites were launched, together weighing about 664 kg, in pairs. Earlier, the Russian Space Agency had the record of successfully launching 37 satellites.
The total weight of all the satellites carried on board PSLV-C37 is about 1378 kg.
Cartosat-2 Series satellite, a remote sensing spacecraft with a five-year life span, will send images that would be utilised in coastal land use and regulation, road network monitoring, distribution of water and creation of land use maps, among others, Isro said.
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The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) was launched after a 28-hour countdown for the launch that started at 5:28 AM on 14 February 2017. "India salutes our scientists", Modi tweeted.
PSLV-C37 project director B. Jayakumar said it was a "great moment for each and everyone of us". The historic launch of 104 satellites in one shot.
In one fell swoop, India's space agency broke a world record and gave big business something to think about. ISRO's own previous record stood at 20 satellites launched in June past year. India has three satellites, the Cartosat 2 series, which are the primary satellites.
ISRO's low prices attracted worldwide customers to launch 75 satellites past year from Sriharikota in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh.
Launching anything into space is extremely expensive, which is why SpaceX is spending so much time and effort developing a reusable launch vehicle for use with its Falcon rockets.