A team of worldwide scientists from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV), in their recent breakthrough, have found that Mars, in ancient days was likely much dripping previously through to be.
For years now, scientists have understood that Mars was once a warmer, wetter place.
A new study found that a mineral - merellite - found in Martian meteorites may not be proof of a dry Mars at all.
Discovery of a large amount of whitlockite could indicate Mars' water was much more abundant than scientists suspected.
When it comes to studying the Solar System, meteorites are sometimes the only physical evidence available to researchers.
From the aftermaths of the simulation, the researchers determined that the Red Planet might have contained a lot more water on its surface than it previously estimated to have. For geoscientists, they are the best means of determining what Mars looked like eons ago. They simulated the conditions of, mineral being unnerved on a Martian meteorite. However, what could really prove these theories is a piece of Mars itself. Researchers, by simulating Martian meteorites, succeeded in getting more insights about the ancient environment of Mars. It emerged from this harsh treatment dehydrated and changed into something else entirely: merrillite, a mineral common on the Red Planet. Using a synthetic version of whitlockite, they began conducting shock compression experiments on it created to simulate the conditions under which meteorites are ejected from Mars.
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According to Space, what adds to the intrigue in the study of Martian meteorites is that the hydrogen-containing whitlockite is water-soluble and contains phosphorus.
How does one identify a meteorite from Mars, anyway? While up to now, no absolute credence has found which can officially corroborate the presence of water on ancient Mars, a new worldwide study has come up with some interesting, may be a solid credential about the presence of water on ancient Mars. The sample was then examined using the Berkeley Lab's Advanced Light Source (ALS) and the Argonne National Laboratory's Advanced Photon Source (APS) instruments.
The shock experiments were sustained for only a fraction of a second, but already resulted in partial conversion, with 36 per cent of the mineral transformed to merrillite. And with crewed missions to the surface planned for the following decade, we might see the first non-meteorite samples of Mars brought back to Earth for analysis.
Not only does this find raise the "water budget" for Mars in the past, it also raises new questions about Mars' habitability.
Furthermore, this experiment could resolve another question: is there, or has there ever been, life on Mars?
Studies have revealed that by doing this, the atmosphere of Mars can be restored and terraform its environment which will allow liquid water to flow on the surface of Mars making life possible there.