Until Tuesday, opposition forces were still betting on the clear US absence in Geneva and on a "moderate" Russian Federation, which pretended exerting pressure on the Syrian regime delegation to finally accept discussing the issue of power transfer in Syria.
The UN Security Council will vote Tuesday on a draft resolution that would impose sanctions on Syria for the use of chemical weapons, diplomats said.
For seven days now, negotiations between government and opposition representatives in the Swiss city have focused nearly entirely on format, in the hopes of arranging more substantive talks in later rounds.
Ankara- Russia's deputy Foreign Minister Gennady Gatilov threw on Tuesday the ball of the intra-Syrian talks in the camp of United Nations mediator Staffan de Mistura after announcing from Geneva that "the fight against terrorism is a priority and should be on the agenda along with other issues, including Resolution 2254".
Russia's delegation looks set to meet the High Negotiations Committee (HNC), the main opposition group, in Geneva on Wednesday, with the Assad opponents urging Moscow to step up pressure on Damascus.
Both sides have accused each other of attempting to sabotage the Geneva process, and the government has since insisted that negotiations should start with an agreement on the need to fight "terror".
Russian officials say they hope to advance discussions on a new constitution for Syria.
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"Things aren't going as smoothly as we would want" in the Geneva talks, President Vladimir Putin told reporters Tuesday during a visit to Kyrgyzstan.
It is scheduled that the delegation of the Syrian Arab Republic, headed by Bashar al-Jaafari, will meet the UN Special Envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura later today in the framework of the fourth round of the Syrian-Syrian dialogue.
"I think it's about time for Russians to understand that if they keep avoiding working with HNC, in a few years it might happen they will be sitting in front of ISIS leaders and trying to find solutions for Syria", Atassi said, using an acronym to refer to the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS).
Commenting on United Nations mediator Staffan de Mistura's proposal, which he submitted to the Syrian opposition last week, sources told Al-Arabiya that the Syrian opposition delegation said on Monday it is not possible to draft the country's constitution without an elected constituent assembly.
Gatilov was cautious in his assessment of hopes for the latest Geneva talks. A resolution needs nine votes in favor and no vetoes by the United States, France, Russia, Britain or China to be adopted.
"This was a sound meeting, constructive discussion about the Syrian negotiation round".
"While the Iran-Russia-Turkey diplomatic push has created new hopes for the settlement of the conflict, the U.S. and its allies are increasing efforts to escalate tensions and prevent a breakthrough", Jamali said.