The number remained static at about 4.8 million through most of 2016, but has risen since the start of this year.
The majority of them have fled to neighboring countries - Turkey has nearly 3 million Syrian refugees, and Lebanon holds just over 1 million.
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He was speaking ahead of an global conference on the post-conflict future of Syria that the European Union and United Nations are to host in Brussels on April 5. "We want the global community to hear us and understand that Lebanon is facing a crisis", Hariri told foreign media in Beirut.
Syria had a population of 22 million before the war.
Saad Hariri is to propose the worldwide community commits $10,000 to $12,000 (9,300 11,260 euros) per refugee in Lebanon "over five to seven years".
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He told the journalists that, at the conference, he will propose a five to seven-year policy paper under which the global community would commit to paying 10,000 to 12,000 dollars for each refugee by investing in Lebanon's infrastructure.
"I think that will make sure that Lebanon is going to stand on its own and the economy will thrive", he said.
However, activists have warned that the government is not doing enough to assist Syrians with huge numbers of refugee children out of school and many fearful about being picked up for police. The tiny country beset with internal divisions now hosts the highest concentration of refugees and its people are often praised by world leaders for generously shouldering the burden of so many refugees.
Georges Ghali, programmes manager at Lebanese human rights organisation ALEF, said the tensions were rooted in factors including misperceptions whereby the Lebanese believe that refugees were being showered in aid, and government policies that had made it hard for them to obtain official residency. From an average of eight percent, Lebanon's annual economic growth has slowed to just over one percent since the war, they said.
Tens of thousands of Syrians live in two large camps, Zaatari and Azraq, but the majority live in homes and apartments, able to access the job market but competing for scarce employment.
Energy Minister Cesar Abi Khalil said in a press conference held on Friday that displaced Syrians are consuming 490 Megawatts of electricity.