In 2003, he was removed from the bench for refusing to remove a statue of the Ten Commandments from the Alabama Supreme Court's rotunda.
Moore, is the first and only justice to have ever been twice suspended from the state Supreme Court. The BCA's political action committee supported Moore's bid for chief justice in 2000 but sat on its hands in 2012, when Moore faced a strong challenge from Jefferson County Circuit Judge Bob Vance, a Democrat.
"To ensure a continuity of leadership and a smooth transition that keeps the ship of state steady, I have appointed Justice Lyn Stuart as Chief Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court", Ivey said.
"Roy Moore was removed twice from the Alabama Supreme Court for unethical behavior; rarely does an elected official become more ethical when they are elevated to a higher office", Kendrick said.
Moore, who was found guilty in September of violating Alabama's judicial ethics rules, plans to run in a special election later this year for one of the state's U.S. Senate seats.
Chief Justice Lyn Stuart is a native of Atmore, Alabama.
Speculation has swirled that Moore might run for another office, such as this year's race for U.S. Senate or the governor's race in 2018.
"Alabama is a conservative state".
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If Ivey appoints a judge from a lower court to the state supreme court, she can then appoint a new judge to that court. She received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Auburn University with high honor in 1977 and her Juris Doctorate degree from the University of Alabama in 1980. After running unsuccessfully for governor in 2006 and 2010, Moore regained his old seat on the state's top court in 2012, but was suspended previous year after ordering the state's probate judges to deny marriage licenses to same-sex couples.
Moore again drew applause when he proclaimed the need to stand for God as he was asked by a reporter about his suspension from the Alabama Supreme Court. Moore accused LGBT groups of conspiring to remove him, but his attorneys in court took a more moderate tone, arguing Moore's order was meant as guidance and did not change the status quo on same-sex marriage.
Moore said a key to making that happen is making sure the federal government stays within constitutional bounds.
A graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, Moore was nicknamed Captain America as Vietnam War military policeman because of his strict adherence to military code.
The U.S. Senate seat is now held by former Alabama Attorney General Luther Strange. Others are considering getting in the campaign.
According to the Montgomery Advertiser, in an announcement speech on Wednesday Moore sounded familiar "themes of social conservatism and originalism" and pledged support for President Donald Trump, saying "Before we can make America great again, we've got to make America good".
"I know and I think you do too that the foundations of the fabric of our country are being shaken tremendously", he said.
"Our families are being crippled by divorce and abortion", Moore added. He also told supporters the U.S. Supreme Court "destroyed" the "sacred institution of marriage". Age limits prevent Moore from seeking another position on the bench.